Indian Cotton Sarees and Its Types in Different Regions

Saris are stapled attire in almost every Indian woman’s wardrobe. It is needless to say that a saree is the best garment to accentuate a woman’s beauty. Hence, it is the most cherished traditional wear among all Indian women. And without a cotton saree in your wardrobe, it seems to remain incomplete. Cotton sarees are the epitome of comfort and beauty. Usually, a standard saree measures about 5 to 5 and a half meters. And it can be draped in different ways and unique styles by the fashionable Indian women. Indian saree is not only famous in India but also illustrious overseas.


The weaving and dyeing technique of a pure cotton saree is different from other sarees and in states. These skills and techniques of weaving and dyeing were recognized in India almost 5000 years ago. Cotton saris hail from both North and South India. Pure cotton sarees are very easy to drape and equally comforting to wear. Saris made of cotton are extremely popular for their usage as daily wear during all seasons, especially summers as they are unimaginably light and soft which gives great comfort to the wearer in the scorching heat of the sun. Cotton saris can be worn to different places and occasions mainly to the various festivals in our country. It can also be worn to your workplace by lady doctors, teachers of schools and colleges and also by housewives as their daily wear. 


The Indian subcontinent is the main source of cotton production. And every state of India has its cotton-weaving practice. And each state expertise in their original form of cotton fabric and different forms of weaves, prints, motifs, texture, techniques, and colours. Cotton sarees are timeless sarees.


The different types of cotton saris according to their concerned areas are as follows:-

  • Gadwal sarees are born in West-Bengal. These traditional saris generally come in earthen brown shades and off-white or gray. However, they come in many brighter shades now to expand their market. Zari work in gold and copper shades are done on Gadwal.
  • Kota Daria hails from the state of Rajasthan. These saris are extremely lightweight and transparent. They use a multi-gauge yarn to create a meshed look in the weaving cloth.
  • Jamdani sarees are mainly from West-Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. They are typically weaved colourful cotton saris that are usually woven in stripes or floral patterns.
  • Sambalpuri, Bomkai and Vichitrapuri cotton saris are all produced in Orissa. They are all first tie-dyed and then hand-woven into Ikkat patterns usually geometric, contrasting or traditional motifs like flowers, wheels, and shells.
  • Pochampally sarees of Andhra Pradesh or Telengana are famous for their geometric patterns woven in Ikkat style. They are woven from fine pure cotton and use the technique of pre-dyeing the yarn before weaving it. These saris can also be found in cotton blended with silk.
  • Tant is also a traditional cotton saridemanded its infused starch in the sari for crispness. 
  • Chanderi cotton sarees from Madhya Pradesh are an excellent blend of lustre, prints, and quality with a silk warp and cotton weft. They specialize in prints of coin, peacock, flower, and geometrics.
  • Khadi cotton saris are traditional and most favoured because of their unique weaving process of allowing more passage of air. They use hand-spun cotton yarn only.